Founded in 1991 by the Natchez Association for the Preservation of African American Culture, this museum is located in Natchez, Mississippi. The organization, whose mission is to examine and present the many contributions Natchez persons of African descent made to society, started the museum to chronicle the history and culture of Blacks in the American South.
The museum, a 10,000 square feet facility, is housed in a building that was constructed in 1904 and served previously as a United States Post Office. Its exhibits are spread throughout the museum and can be led by a docent or self-guided. From mementos, primary documents, art, photographs, books and even music, visitors will learn a great deal about Natchez, beginning with the incorporation of the City of Natchez in 1716.
One of the museum’s primary exhibits includes the development of Natchez, which was the second largest market of enslaved Blacks, after only Charleston in South Carolina. The exhibits cover people, events, and ideas, ranging from pre-slavery to post-Civil Rights Movement, integral to life in Natchez. This coverage includes that of the Forks of the Road, which was a meeting of the major roads into Natchez. At this intersection was a set-up of a marketplace where everything from foods, crafts, animals and even Blacks were sold. The Forks of the Road has been acknowledged by the United Nations for its active involvement within the international slave trade.