On November 29, 1908, in New Haven, Connecticut, Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. and Mattie Shaffer Powell welcomed a healthy baby boy, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. into the world. The younger brother of their 10-year-old daughter, Blanche, he would be their last child and only son. A pastor, Powell, Sr. was called that year to serve at Abyssinia Baptist Church in Harlem, which, upon being one of the most prominent settlement sites for African-Americans involved in The Great Migration, had become a mecca of Black culture.
Harlem, a community in the Manhattan borough of New York City, had been a home to “The New Negro”, a term created by Dr. Alain Locke, a co-creator of The Harlem Renaissance. Locke, in 1907, was the first (and last until 1960) African-American Rhodes Scholar and would chair the philosophy department at the historical Black college, Howard University. He used this term as the title of his book, The New Negro, and to identify those African-Americans who would seek, through Black identity as expressed via the arts, politics and social involvement, to gain racial equality.
For greater enlightenment...
For further enlightenment:
Books by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
Marching Blacks, An Interpretive History of the Rise of the Black Common Man
The New Image in Education: A Prospectus for the Future by the Chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor
Keep the Faith, Baby!
Adam by Adam: The Autobiography of Adam Clayton Powell Jr.